Compression therapy is a widely used treatment for Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI). CVI is a condition that occurs when the veins in the legs are unable to efficiently return blood back to the heart, leading to pooling of blood in the lower extremities.

Compression therapy involves applying pressure to the legs through the use of compression stockings or bandages, with the aim of improving blood flow and reducing symptoms associated with CVI.

Here’s how compression therapy helps in healing CVI:

  1. Improved Blood Flow: Compression therapy applies external pressure to the veins, which helps to narrow and constrict them. This compression helps the valves within the veins function more effectively, preventing the backward flow of blood and promoting blood flow towards the heart. By enhancing blood circulation, compression therapy reduces the pooling of blood in the legs and decreases venous hypertension.
  2. Reduced Edema: CVI often causes swelling or edema in the legs due to the accumulation of fluid. Compression stockings or bandages exert pressure on the tissues, aiding in the reabsorption of fluid and reducing edema. By reducing swelling, compression therapy alleviates discomfort and helps to restore normal tissue function.
  3. Venous Ulcer Healing: In some cases of advanced CVI, venous ulcers may develop. These ulcers are open sores that form on the lower legs, typically due to poor circulation and increased pressure in the veins. Compression therapy can help heal venous ulcers by improving blood flow, reducing swelling, and promoting tissue repair. The compression aids in maintaining a moist wound environment, which is conducive to healing.
  4. Symptom Relief: CVI often presents with symptoms such as leg pain, aching, heaviness, and fatigue. Compression therapy helps alleviate these symptoms by improving venous blood flow, reducing venous stasis, and supporting the muscles and tissues in the legs. By reducing symptoms, compression therapy enhances overall quality of life for individuals with CVI.

It’s important to note that compression therapy should be prescribed and monitored by a healthcare professional. At Vein Specialists of the Carolinas our team will determine the appropriate compression level and duration of therapy based on the severity of CVI and individual patient needs. Additionally, compression therapy may be used in combination with other treatments, such as lifestyle modifications, medication, and in some cases, surgical interventions, to effectively manage CVI.


Watch more videos in our 4 part series for Compression Therapy.

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